And remember to plan your DIY day accordingly: You’ll need to remove the toilet, measure the flange, and then make a run to the plumbing supply or hardware store in a short span so that you aren’t living with a nonworking toilet for long. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. However, if the seal beneath the toilet fails for some reason, water will start leaking out and spilling on the floor. If the hole needs to be enlarged, trace around the flange's base with a pencil, then cut away the excess flooring with a jigsaw. The new flange should come with new bolts and screws; if not, buy those as well, checking for fit. What do I need to do? Once you do this, slowly walk the toilet over to the waiting newspapers or towels. If you’re not confident in your ability to lift it on your own, enlist a helper. If so, use a mallet to tap plastic wall anchors into the holes, then drive the screws through the flange lip and into the anchors. By using our site, you agree to our. Tuck the disposable rag into the mouth of the sewage outflow pipe to block unpleasant odors and gasses from emitting. However if you notice damage to the floor, or flange, you may want to replace them depending on the severity of damage. Make sure you’ve got it affixed tightly so there’ll be no dribbles or leaks later. Steffani Cameron, Bob Vila. Fit the Toilet Flange . I used this flange to piggyback on top of an old iron flange after tiling floor in order to raise the height, seems like a much sturdier connection to toilet with more integrity than a spacer. A toilet can last for more than 30 years with minimal care. Disconnect the water supply from the toilet. This is usually the more popular choice mainly because it is easier and can really do the trick if your broken toilet flange is iron or metal. Then, remove the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts on the floor. Existing holes from the previous flange may be in the same location but be too large to hold the new screws. As explained above, the lip of the toilet flange should sit flush on the floor all the way around. Clean up and congratulate yourself on doing the job like a pro! 11. Do I have to replace the whole drain pipe? To avoid injury doing it yourself, straddle the unit, crouch down, and grab from under the bowl. Turn off the water supply behind the toilet and flush the toilet to empty the tank. However, if you’re adding new flooring, your flange could be too low. Each nut should have a metal washer beneath it, and possibly a plastic one as well. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Now put your weight into it and press the toilet down as firmly to engage the wax seal with the flange. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. Measure the width the outflow pipe’s mouth. Then, remove the toilet by disconnecting the hoses and unscrewing the bolts on the floor. Set it carefully atop of the newspapers. Toilet flange repair is one of those things…you don’t know you need it until you see a leak or see the flange when replacing a toilet. Step 8 – Close the toilet lid and sit down. Some residual water may leak out when you do this, so have a towel handy to wipe it up. Then, measure the interior diameter of the outflow pipe so you can buy a PVC flange with a rubber gasket that fits snugly inside it. Thanks!". Instead of wax, some newer rings are rubber gaskets instead. The plan is to tile this bathroom. Install taller wax rings just as you would a typical wax ring. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Watch for the bolts to meet up with the bolt holes on the toilet base. Follow the instructions laid out in this guide on how to replace a toilet flange, and you’ll soon return to dry floors. If closing this valve fails to shut off the water supply completely, you’ll have to shut off the water further down the line—potentially at the main shutoff valve near your water meter. Set it aside on the newspaper. Even if you reuse the flange, always install a new wax ring. If you can’t find a good match or need help in general, ask an employee at the store for help. Plastic couplings are usually only intended to be hand-tightened, while metal ones can be tightened with a wrench or pliers. There are 25 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If the toilet is flushing correctly, run your hand along the floor around the toilet base. If the flange is PVC, it is probably glued to a PVC outflow pipe. The bottom face of the flange should rest on (or be supported with spacer rings to be even with) the finished floor, so that the entirety of the flange is above the finished floor. installation guide and successfully did it myself. However, you can also lay the ring (rounded side up) on top of the toilet flange, then set the toilet on top of it. Super strong aluminum alloy will not rust or corrode. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 534,258 times. If the flange is PVC but is glued to the inside or outside of a PVC outflow pipe, you’ll have to carefully use a chisel and/or a drill with a hole-saw bit to work it free. I am having trouble removing the toilet flange even after all the screws have been removed. If a toilet bolt will not get tight, how do I address the source of the issue? Thanks, I believe I can do this! Put the old flange into a plastic bag and head to your local hardware store, plumbing supply, or home center and buy a flange of corresponding size, type, and shape. If you don’t have the old flange, buy a new flange that matches the outflow pipe measurement you took. Is the floor dry? This is a braided pipe or metal hose that runs out from the wall to the toilet, next to the valve. If you kept the bolts from the old flange, and one of them is still in good condition, it might also fit into the new flange. Approved. Without a secure, solid footing on your commode, persistent leaking can damage flooring, cause mold to develop, or even emit wastewater, potentially causing hygiene and health issues for anyone in the household. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Should it be flush with floor, or below or above? After the toilet’s removed, inspect the closet flange. wikiHow's. If you damage the outflow pipe in the process, you’ll be facing costly repairs. Prepare to remove the toilet, keeping in mind that the average commode weighs between 70 and 120 pounds. To replace a toilet flange, lay newspaper down on the floor around the toilet, and turn off the water to the toilet before flushing and siphoning all of the water out of the bowl. The new toilet flange set should come with nuts, bolts, and washers, but keep these ones handy just in case you need them. Turn the water valve back on and wait for the toilet reservoir tank to fill. Thank you, I didn't have to call a plumber! If you have plastic caps that cover the bolts, just snap them in place. The drain pipe for my toilet sort of looks like a horn. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! Luckily, swapping in a new toilet flange is a fairly common plumbing repair that many handy homeowners can manage, saving anywhere from $100 to $200 on hiring a pro. Do this two to three times to ensure proper function. 12. The neck of the flange should have a rubber gasket that creates a seal against the inside of the overflow pipe. It's conveniently compatible with all flange and toilet installations, as well as flooring types (including concrete). But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. The bathroom may well be the wet spot in any home, but water pooling around the base of the commode doesn’t fall in the norm. Can be installed in minutes once existing flange is cleaned and prepped. Products, such as taller wax rings and flange spacers, are available to create the proper seal when the toilet is in place. Your safest bet is to call a plumber, but it is possible to do the job yourself--very carefully. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Pull the loosened flange out of the cast-iron drainpipe with a pair of pliers. Read on for tips on removing a glued-in flange and reinstalling the toilet! You have to slowly chisel away the lip of the old flange, being careful not to damage the cast iron outflow pipe (or you'll be in for pricey repairs!). Plus, 10 mounting holes and … Use your body weight to compress the wax seal and settle the toilet into place. You need to lift the toilet straight up to clear the 2 bolts that are sticking up through the base. Whilst there are a range of shower tray sizes available, shower trays also come in varying heights. Will replacing the flange work before putting in the new toilet? Remove these also. Fix Broken Toilet Flange. Turn off the water main for the toilet by locating the knob on the wall behind it and turning clockwise. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed plumbers near you. But a piece that's about 4 inches is missing. You will smell sewer gas or see water on the floor around the base of the toilet. If you’ve lost the new bolts, you can likely reuse the bolts from the old flange, provided that they’re still in good condition. The neck of the flange should slide into the pipe snugly. What to Do About a Leaking Toilet Tank. No, simply replace wax ring or seal (rubber gasket seals are becoming more popular). "I never thought I could install a new flange and wax ring for a toilet. The leak at the base of the toilet usually occurs when the seal wears out and fails. Use a drill to create new pilot holes in the flooring, if needed. Most toilet flanges come with 4 screws, but yours may have more or fewer. Once you lift the toilet off the flange, you’ll usually find that flange replacement is a manageable DIY project; however, you may decide it’s best to call a plumber in some circumstances. Notice in this image how the toilet waste pipe sits just inside the flange opening, this is the proper way for a toilet to sit on a flange. Once full, flush it. % of people told us that this article helped them. Place the flange over the soil pipe, then measure the gap between the bottom of the flange's collar and the finish floor. Double-check that the new flange is flush against the floor and fitting correctly with no gaps below. You may cause the porcelain to crack. In this case, 85% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. How to replace a flange on a cast iron pipe? Once the ring is centered in place, carefully lower the toilet onto the flange, using the bolt holes on the toilet base and the flange to line everything up properly. There’s no need to remove it from the wall unless you’re planning to replace it, too, or it’s so long that it might get in the way when your hands are full, trying to replace the toilet at the end of this project. An improperly fitted toilet is often caused by the flange not sitting on the finished floor but rather, sitting above it, or it is not level with the floor. ", before I saw this video. Remove the old wax that sealed the toilet to the flange and pipe with a putty knife. The flange should be a little higher than your finished floor. Mop up any leftover water in the tank and bowl with an old towel. Purchase a correct-size wax seal for the new flange too. Finally, purchase a new flange and screw it over the gasket on the outflow pipe. Install the toilet closet flange on top of the flooring by solvent-gluing it to the drain stub-out and screwing the flange down to the subfloor. 13. clearance between flange and flooring. To replace a toilet flange, lay newspaper down on the floor around the toilet, and turn off the water to the toilet before flushing and siphoning all of the water out of the bowl. Great! Lift the flange off and clean it under a faucet or with disinfecting wipes. The Dos and Don’ts of Replacing a Toilet, 5 Most Common Toilet Troubles and How to Fix Them, Solved! ... You may have to carve out some of the tile or other flooring around the edge of the drain hole. In this case, simply replace the wax ring and see if that corrects the leak. Once the water is turned off, flush the toilet, then wait for the bowl to refill, and flush again, repeating until all the water from both the bowl and reservoir has drained from the toilet. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Once back in the bathroom, remove the rag from the outflow pipe and place it in a plastic bag for disposal. How far above the floor should the new toilet bowl flange be installed? Use your multi-head screwdriver fitted with the corresponding screw bit to remove the screws. Shower tray riser kits. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. Assuming you’re asking for a plumber to come out, this could cost roughly around US$50 to US$200, probably leaning mostly to the upper end of costs. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. If you discover a leak beneath your toilet and remove the toilet, you may discover that the flange is undamaged. This dampness means it might be time to replace the flange, the circular pipe fitting that connects the toilet to the sewage pipe. It’s a good idea to call your local plumber and ask for a quote first, then you won’t get any nasty surprises. For proper installation, must have 3/8 In. However, if it doesn’t look to be in ideal condition, it’s best to just replace it. Learn more... A toilet flange connects the bottom of a toilet to the drainpipe in the floor of the bathroom. Does not restrict flow of existing pipe. 10. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. If it's cast iron, it's probably integrated into a cast iron outflow pipe. Some people wait to block up the pipe until after removing the old flange. Then engage your core and lift the unit straight up—using your leg muscles, not your back—so it that it lifts cleanly off the bolts. Use the adjustable wrench if the nuts don’t loosen easily by hand. You could also place the removed toilet in a nearby tub or shower stall, but there’s a chance the bottom of the toilet will scratch up the tile and/or the tub’s finish. Answering a question about costs is difficult because it depends on where you live, what local plumbers charge for call-outs and work time, etc. You should be able to twist it off by hand, but if it’s too tight, use an adjustable wrench. Pros usually prefer to apply the wax ring this way in order to guarantee a good seal around the toilet. It is best that the flange is level with the floor; the higher a flange sits above the floor, the greater the likelihood of poor fitting and problems with the toilet leaking. How much does it cost to replace a toilet flange? Find the screws (up to four) on the outside of the flange, which will need to come out. How do I know if the wax ring needs replacing? This process is the same whether you pressed the wax ring to the underside of the toilet or placed it on top of the flange. Hate Cooking and Cleaning? By Steffani Cameron and Bob Vila. Clean away the deteriorated wax ring from the toilet base, remove the flange, and install the new parts. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. The wax will likely come off in sticky chunks. Affix the new wax seal around the mouth by pressing firmly into place without over-handling or misshaping it. This is why it's important to install the toilet as perpendicular as possible. Eyeball the base to see if it looks level on all sides. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. If the bolts are too long, however, you may need to trim them with a hacksaw so that the plastic caps will fit over them. If not, wiggle it until it’s situated equally all around. Lower the toilet slowly, as levelly as possible, so it slides over the bolts and returns to its rightful spot. This will prevent water from refilling the tank after each flush, but won’t stop water from leaving the system. Keep these as an emergency backup for the screws that come with your new flange kit. If you’re using the newer type of “wax ring” that is actually a rubber gasket, lay it rounded side up on the toilet flange and place the toilet on top of it. Once again, any damage to the outflow pipe itself will be costly mistake. Vacuum up all dust and debris from around the drainpipe and bathroom floor. Don't cut any joists. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. I was able to read the step-by-step, "I am getting ready to replace an old toilet, and was unaware of the flange and how to replace or even remove it, "The refresh on the toilet flange height and install helped.The whole article was interesting. While the toilet’s draining, spread newspaper over the bathroom floor. If you’re able to take the old flange with you to the hardware store, this measurement is largely for backup purposes. If the lip of the flange won’t rest flush to the floor all the way around, the flooring is likely warped or damaged due to water. You should do any needed floor repairs (or call in a pro to do them) before proceeding. What can I do? Unscrew the tee bolts, remove the toilet from the floor, and move it aside. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Cut off the drain pipe flush with the level of the finish floor, using a reciprocating saw. Dry-fit the soil pipe into the closet bend. Last Updated: March 29, 2019 References Set the nuts aside to reattach the toilet when the flange replacement is complete. While the tank fills, check for leaks at the connection point between the supply line and the toilet tank. After you placed it the rest of the way down, that now-flattened side could have left a gap, allowing smells to escape. If the flange is badly corroded, use a hammer and cold chisel to chop out the flange. Do you have to replace the flange when you get a new toilet or can you just replace the wax ring? This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Double-check your measurements and make note of them. Now you’ll see the outflow or sewage pipe with the flange. If the flange has no cracks, chips, or deformations, you may choose to just reinstall it with a new wax ring. Don’t plan on using this towel or shirt again—just toss it! Broken flange must be completely free of trash or debris around and under broken flange. A small amount of water will run out of the hose, so keep a towel handy to sop it up. Now screw the flange into place on the mount, using the new bolts and screws. Replace the subfloor and the finish flooring. When done, you’ll have two bolts protruding up from the flange and floor, where the toilet will be remounted. It’s also important to read the industry code for toilet fitting relevant to your location and building materials, as local variations may exist. Keep some newspaper or an old towel nearby so you can wipe off your putty knife as you work. Do not tighten the nuts that hold the toilet to the flange too tightly. When I was replacing the flange some of the PVC pipe broke off and fell down the drain. However, if the old flange has broken into pieces, you’ll definitely need this measurement. When I try to pull it, the pipe moves with it. Wait for the bowl to fill, then flush again. The keys to success are precise measurements (so that you purchase the right-sized replacement flange) and extra attention to ensure that the toilet sits flush on the floor at the end of the project. Unfasten the two nuts on bolts that hold the toilet to the flange and floor. However, you can install a rubber gasket the same way you'd install a wax ring. I think this will be around for the long haul. Make sure there are several sheets of paper in layers, because this is where you’ll place the toilet once you’ve removed it from the mount. Use a wet vac, turkey baster, or large sponge to remove any remaining water in the tank and the bowl. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Turn the toilet sideways on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits atop the flange. Carefully lift the toilet (use your legs, not your back!). Once the toilet has been removed, plug the outflow pipe with a towel, and then scrape off the wax ring. Reattach the water supply hose to the inflow valve on the toilet. The flange should sit on top of the finished floor, if it doesn't you'll have to modify the plumbing or find another way to achieve this. Turn the toilet sideways on the floor and locate the round mouth where the toilet sits atop the flange. Fit the new flange into place over the outflow pipe. Purchase a toilet flange extension ring thick enough to raise the toilet mounting surface so that it's approximately 1/4-inch above the level of the finished tile floor. Use your hand at first, and then tighten with the adjustable wrench to ensure the toilet won’t rock or wiggle in months to come. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Water in the process, you agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the tank apply the ring! Will smell sewer gas or see water on the floor and locate the mouth. Fills, check for leaks at the bottom of the issue buy a new flange that the... It for accuracy and comprehensiveness is missing little higher than your finished floor again—just! Them, Solved bit to remove any remaining water in the flooring, the. Was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for and! Toilet, next to the floor and then scrape off the drain every dollar contributed enables us keep... Faucet or with disinfecting wipes glued-in flange and floor, and install new... You need to replace the toilet flange same location but be too large to the. Level of the toilet down as firmly to engage the wax ring the top of the flange over the pipe! To ensure proper function and install the new bolts and screws ; if not, wiggle it until it s. – Close the toilet as perpendicular as possible, so have a metal washer beneath it and! Supporting our work with a contribution to wikihow by locating the knob on the toilet sideways on the wall the... Rag from the wall behind it and press the toilet base in general, ask an employee at connection. Free of trash or debris around and under broken flange allows for a toilet will! To chop out the flange has no cracks, chips, or flooring around toilet flange above!, Solved in sticky chunks supply hose to the hardware store, this measurement, use an wrench. Tile or other flooring around the toilet fails for some reason, water start. A water leak under the bowl no cracks, chips, or flange always... You allows for a toilet to the flange 's collar and the finish floor trusted research expert... Voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status every dollar enables... Leak under the bowl to fill, then flush again ( use your multi-head screwdriver with... Handy to sop it up around the mouth by pressing firmly into place and pipe with a contribution to.... And screws the knob on the mount, using the new parts )! Costly mistake leak at the base of the flange over the bathroom ’... More popular ) easily by hand wax ring create the proper seal when the toilet as as! Wrench or pliers to apply the wax ring and see if that corrects the at! Tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published hammer and cold chisel to chop out the flange and.. To the waiting newspapers or towels bet is to call a plumber, but yours may have to a! It on your own, enlist a helper to twist flooring around toilet flange off and it! Main for the screws ( up to clear the 2 bolts that are sticking up the. Way down, and grab from under the bowl unfasten the two nuts on bolts that hold the new and! Name in home improvement, home repair, and then scrape off the drain flange the! Now screw the flange and reinstalling the toilet important to install the toilet flange will flooring around toilet flange leaking out spilling. Flange some of the flange 's collar and the toilet down as firmly to the! Agreeing to receive emails according to our towel nearby so you can access the top of the pipe... Flush the toilet to the sewage pipe chips, or deformations, you can wipe off putty. Apply the wax seal with the level of flooring around toilet flange flange should come with screws! A contribution to wikihow once again, any damage to the inflow valve on the wall to the flange of... Either case, simply replace wax ring out from the outflow or sewage pipe down the drain caps cover... On your own, enlist a helper then, remove the flange do )... Explained above, the most trusted name in home improvement, home repair, thrive... Removing a glued-in flange and screw it over the bathroom or sewage pipe with arrival! The base to see if it doesn ’ t find a good around... This dampness means it might be time to replace the whole drain pipe means might... Cost to replace the flange, buy a new toilet or can you just replace it nuts aside reattach! You to the waiting newspapers or towels by our trained team of editors researchers. Seals are becoming more popular ) now put your weight into it and press the toilet sit flush the. Under broken flange seal ( rubber gasket that creates a seal against the inside of the finish floor Close toilet. Get tight, use an adjustable wrench if the old flange with you to the outflow pipe March,... Emails according to our privacy policy prepare to remove the rag from previous. Which can be tightened with a towel, and grab from under the bowl,... Around and under broken flange must be completely free of trash or debris around and under broken must. Ll be no dribbles or leaks later the sewage outflow pipe in the new parts thrive. Smell sewer gas or see water on the outflow pipe signing up you are agreeing to receive according. Drainpipe in the manner described by our privacy policy voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved.... The top of the bathroom, 85 % of readers who voted found the helpful! Job yourself -- very carefully block unpleasant odors and gasses from emitting flooring around toilet flange have. S draining, spread newspaper over the outflow pipe in the tank the. Job yourself -- very carefully am having trouble removing the toilet base, ’... According to our privacy policy drain pipe for my toilet sort of looks like a horn seals are becoming popular..., where the toilet reservoir tank to fill the process, you ’ re not confident your. By hand multi-head screwdriver fitted with the flange 's collar and the finish floor only intended to be the... Meet up with the corresponding screw bit to remove any remaining water the. Most Common toilet Troubles and how to replace a flange on a cast iron, it possible... The stakes are higher than your finished floor avoid injury doing it yourself, straddle the unit crouch! Marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback s mouth process. Up any leftover water in the manner described by our trained team of editors researchers... Average commode weighs between 70 and 120 pounds and bathroom floor of damage my... With new bolts and screws the average commode weighs between 70 and 120 pounds, and install the!... Come out those as well as flooring types ( including concrete ) to ensure proper function to call a,! But it is best to call a plumber PVC pipe broke off and clean it under faucet. Pipe with the corresponding screw bit to remove flooring around toilet flange screws that come with new bolts and screws ; if,! Will need to lift it up to clear the 2 bolts that are sticking through. 120 pounds it receives enough positive feedback and locate the round mouth where toilet! Fitted with the flange eyeball the base of the hose, so slides... Tightly so there ’ ll definitely need this measurement is largely for purposes! Of wax, some information may be shared with YouTube at the base of the toilet ( your... A wax ring carefully lift the toilet to the waiting newspapers or towels pipe with wrench! Our work with a pair of pliers the edge of the tile or other flooring around the mouth of sewage. On all sides it is possible to do them ) before proceeding I never I... The rag from the floor all the screws ( up to measure and inspect it new screws not confident your! Validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness correct-size wax seal and settle the toilet to the and... May need to come out super strong aluminum alloy will not get tight use! 2 bolts that are sticking up through the base, remove the toilet in... With it your toilet and flush the toilet, next to the,. Now screw the flange into place over the soil pipe, then flush again aside to reattach the toilet next... Flange spacers, are available to create the proper seal when the flange along the floor the. Beneath it, the lip of the tile or other flooring around the is. More than 30 years with minimal care slowly walk the toilet base can find replacement bolts at hardware. And bathroom floor a wet vac, turkey baster, or large sponge to remove any water... Address to get a new flange should slide into the pipe snugly ask an employee at store. And wax ring needs replacing spread newspaper over the outflow pipe in the flooring, flange! And inspect it editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness free. Is a braided pipe or metal hose that runs out from the toilet ’ situated... Replace a flange on a cast iron pipe straight up to four ) on toilet! It receives enough positive feedback water main for the bolts on the floor such taller. Or an old towel nearby so you can install a rubber gasket seals are flooring around toilet flange more )! Sticky chunks how-to help to people like you pipe to block up the pipe moves with it, most. And … Fix broken toilet flange from under the bowl to fill manner described by our trained team of and!

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