Unani (also spelt Unaani), the system of medicine originated in Greece and flourished in Asia, especially India bears similarities with Ayurveda. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. Unani medicine refers to a tradition of Greeko-Arabic medicine which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Buqrat (Hip- pocrates; 460-377 BC) and Roman physician Jalinoos (Galen) and developed into an elaborate medical system by Arab and Persian physicians such as Al Razi (Rhazes), Avicenna (Ibne sina), Al Zahrawi and Ibn Nafis. Arkan (Elements) Avicenna, one of the greatest scholars of Unani Tibb (medicine), has defined it as: Tibb is the science of which we learn the various states of body, in health and when not in health, and the means by which health is likely to be lost and, when lost, is likely to be restored. As four simple, indivisible entities—arz (earth), maa (water), nar (fire), and hawa (air)—arkan not only constitutes the primary components of the human body but also makes up all other creations in the universe. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime during the eighth century. Therefore , cold is a negative quality. However this system later extensively developed by Arab physicians. Unani medicine is one of the oldest medicine in the world.It is still practiced in all parts of the world but mostly is it practiced in India. The human body is also made up of these four fundamental elements. ISBN 81-7436-052-2. The entire concept of Unani system of medicine revolves around four humour theory of Hippocrates: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. In fact the above elements are four states of matter where hawa (air ) stands for gaseous elements, ma stands for liquid elements, ardh for solid elements and nar for the matter which has been transformed into heat energy, whose ultimate source is the Sun whose energy is transformed into all kinds of energy in the universe. Unani Herbal took its birth in the heart of Delhi at New Friends Colony in the year 2005 by Dr. Aslam Javed. The Unani system was first developed in Greece in the ancient time. With the fall of the Roman empire came the decline in unani medicine. Cosmetic Surgery; Orthopedics Surgery; Neuro and Spine Surgery; Cardiology ; Ophthalmology; Dentistry; … The great Hippocrate was the first formal physician of Unani medicine who practiced and taught it. Unani: the science of Graeco-Arabic medicine, by Jamil Ahmad, Hakim Ashhar Qadeer. Unani system of medicine owes its origin to Greece thanks to Hippocrates. Home; About Us; Treatment. However, the origin of Greek medicine is attributed to Ionian philosophers and to Hippocrates in particular. Unani medicine focuses on the four humors of the human body (blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm) and the cause of diseases is caused by the inequality of all the four humors. Unani Medicine (Unani-tibb) also spelled as Yunani Medicine, is the other form of medicine. They attributed binary qualities to each of the anasir to express their mizaj and properties, These are as follows. The exponents of three element theory propounded that all the matters exist in three states i.e. Unani medicine is a branch of alternative medicine, which attempts to discover the best possible ways by which an individual can lead a completely healthy life without any illness or sickness. These two terms are also relative to each other .How ever, if there is not a single molecule of water present in a compound it is said absolutely dry. Exponent of this concept. Unani is an Arabic word which means Greek. Through this health care we prove that when united the two systems can do wonders in the world of medicine. Hakim Ibn Sina (recognized as Avicenna in the west) established Unani medicine … We use Unani Herbal medicines mostly in our preparations. Unani Medicine, an age old system of medicine which is widely practiced in south Asia, draws on the ancient traditional systems of medicine in China, Egypt, India, Iraq, Persia and Syria. These principles include (1) arkan, or elements, (2) mizaj, or temperament, (3) akhlat, or bodily humours, (4) aaza, or organs and systems, (5) arwah, or vital spirit, (6) quwa, or faculties or powers, … These Arkan came together to form Aza-e-mufridah (simple members) through tabakh and tabakh Therefore, the surat nauiyah of an unsur (elements) is nothing but its atomic structure that depends upon the atomic number No two elements (anasir) carry the same . Unani Medicines got enriched by imbibing what was best in the contemporary systems of traditional medicines in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Persia, India, China and other Middle East countries. Medicina unani hospital is a famous alternative care hospital in south India young renowned Unani physician Dr. Abdul Vahab is the chief consultant of the hospital. There are predictable consequences to the…. In India, Unani system flourished due to wide acceptance by the public. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. They can't be further resolved into simpler entitles. The ministry of AYUSH observed the ‘Unani day’ on the 11th of February 2019 to raise awareness for the Unani branch of alternative medicine (alt-med) in India. About nineteen arkan (elements) participate into the elementary composition of the human body. According to practitioners of Unani medicine, the health of the human body is maintained by the harmonious arrangement of al-umoor al-tabiyah, the seven basic physiological principles of the Unani doctrine. It is a very safe, efficacious Indian medicine for the relief of AIDS according to the degree & stage of affliction. Based on the concept of balancing body humors. The various substances (compounds) in nature depend on their imtizaj (chemical combinations) for their existence. These principles include: – ARKAN, or Elements; MIZAJ, or Temperament or Personality; AKHLAT, or Bodily Humours; AAZA, or Organs and Systems It was in 1913 that Hakim Ajmal Khan lit the torch of the united Ayurvedic and the Unani Systems of medicine. According to Unani system of medicine, each and every organ of the body is composed of four basic elements called “Arkan” having different qualities with respect to function of the organ. Under his guidance, well-trained Unani physicians and therapists serve the patients to treat various acute and chronic disease with applying all the therapeutic tools in the Unani medicine. As four simple, indivisible entities—arz (earth), maa (water), nar (fire), and hawa (air)—arkan not only constitutes the primary components of the human body but also makes up all other creations in the universe. water, air, earth and fire. medicine of their day with their own contributions. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. Concept of Development of Aza-e-mufridah in Unani System of Medicine According to Ibne Rushd, all Aza-e-mufirdah are formed of four Arkan i.e. Macromolecules are combined with smaller molecules to form cell organelles i.e.cell membrane, mito chondria, endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomes. heat ,cold, moistness and dryness. Skip to content. 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