Cart . Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming a reality in the country. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. Thus, standardization facilities for electrical parameters like nanvolt, nanoscale current, nanoscale resistance, and nanoscale charges have been developed and established in the National Laboratory. Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. About a quarter of the cases in 2019 were due to P. vivax, mainly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs? Benefits: (1) Cultivated meat could reduce land use by more than 95%; (2) It could reduce climate change emissions by 74-87% and nutrient pollution by 94%; (3) The risk of contamination by pathogens such as salmonella and E coli is significantly reduced; (4) It does not require antibiotics thereby reducing the threat posed to public health by growing antibiotic resistance. To tackle the first source, India classified important antibiotics under Schedule H1 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules 1945. For PRELIMS note down the trends , new definitions , statistics and facts relevant to India’s perspective. It is one of the most important public health issues currently. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. SelfStudyforIAS / IAS,IPS,UPSC - India’s best learning platform Support :- +91883784113 , +919592420214. It is estimated that malaria infection during pregnancy in these 33 countries resulted in 822 000 children with low birthweight. The frequency of urban floods due to high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. error: Content is protected !! The COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions related to the response have caused disruptions in essential malaria services. Your email address will not be published. More than 3.1 billion treatment courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) were sold globally by manufacturers in 2010–2019. Read about Ramsar Sites and Biodiversity Act from the links below: Read about river linking and climate change from the links provided below: Read about National Mission for Clean Ganga in the linked article. In the WHO South-East Asia Region, malaria deaths reduced by 74%, from about 35 000 in 2000 to 9 000 in 2019. WHO World Malaria Report 2020:  India continues to make Impressive Gains in reduction of Malaria Burden, India the only high endemic country which has reported a decline of 17.6% in 2019 over 2018. UN agencies are working together to develop the One Health AMR Global Action Plan (GAP) that addresses the issue in human, animal, and plant health and food and environment sectors. UN agencies are working together to develop the One Health AMR Global Action Plan (GAP) that addresses the issue in human, animal, and plant health and food and environment sectors. Insights into Issues: Antimicrobial resistance Antibiotic resistance arises when bacteria evolve mechanisms to withstand the drugs which are used to fight infection. The tables below will provide Biodiversity & Environment questions for UPSC Mains GS 3 from the year 2013-2019. Iran (Islamic Republic of), Malaysia and Timor-Leste reported, The 2000–2019 trends in malaria cases and deaths were used to make, All countries in the WHO South-East Asia Region were on track for both the, An additional US$ 0.72 billion is estimated to be required annually for, The number of children reached with at least one dose of, WHO is tracking published reports of pfhrp2/3 deletions using the, By the end of the second week of November 2020, about. Agriculture is one of the optional subjects for UPSC Civil Services Mains Paper. At this stage mere understanding sometimes is not enough, one must develop the art of expression, by this it means that a candidate with limited knowledge should excel in using and reflecting the available information with appropriate representation. India contributed to the largest absolute reductions in the WHO South-East Asia Region, from about 20 million cases in 2000 to about 5.6 million in 2019. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects. ; The report has a special section on malaria and the COVID-19 pandemic. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. There are three major sources of antibiotic resistance – Overuse of antibiotics by human beings; Overuse in the veterinary sector; Environmental antibiotic contamination due to pharmaceutical and hospital discharge. The areas of work in which a One Health approach is particularly relevant to include food safety, the control of zoonoses (diseases that can spread between animals and humans, such as flu, rabies, and Rift Valley Fever), and combatting antibiotic resistance (when bacteria change after being exposed to antibiotics and become more difficult to treat). UPSC Prelims 2019 Question Paper Analysis. Environmental Impact Assessment studies are increasingly undertaken before a project is cleared by the Government. ; The report features a detailed analysis on progress towards the 2020 milestones of WHO’s global malaria strategy. Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulating in our habitable environment? Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. UN Environment has aided in the formulation of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially harmful chemicals, transboundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways. COUNTRIESNigeria (27%), Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally. Discussing the reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. Environmental and Ecological Issues for UPSC 2020 Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Nanotechnology needs to be measure nano dimensions, nano electrical properties, etc. Studies by WHO has found that in many developing countries including India, the careless use of antibiotics is very prevalent. Every year Lakhs of aspirants appear for the UPSC, but not all can go to coaching hubs. India achieved a reduction of 83.34% in malaria morbidity and 92% in malaria mortality between the year 2000 and 2019. How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change? Environment Questions (Previous Year Topic-Wise UPSC Question Papers) 2019 1.Consider Environment Questions In UPSC Prelims In India, the largest consumer of antibiotics in the world, this is a serious problem. India accounted for about 86% of all malaria deaths in the WHO South-East Asia Region. Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at Pitheads. In this article, we will discuss the simplified syllabus of Agriculture optional … Environmental resistance is the factor that affects the growth, stability, and decline of a population. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) identified antimicrobial resistance as one of six emerging issues of environmental concern in its 2017 Frontiers Report. Nano Science and Technology Initiative (NSTI) No products in the cart. The environment is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the Civil Services Examination (CSE.) Environment & Ecology Questions for UPSC Mains GS 3:- Download PDF Here. World malaria report takes a historical look at key milestones that helped shape the global response to the disease over the last 2 decades. What are the impediments in disposing of the huge quantities of discarded solid wastes which are continuously being generated? Should the pursuit of carbon credit and clean development mechanisms set up under UNFCCC be maintained even though there has been a massive slide in the value of carbon credit? We will also cover the Redline Campaign. Despite the considerable progress made since 2000, the GTS 2020 milestones for morbidity and mortality will not be achieved globally. The cross-partner effort led to a strong partnership alignment that resulted in various outcomes: – Publication of technical guidance on how to safely maintain malaria control services in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Strengthen health workforce and malaria expert base. A victory for Indigenous environmental activism in Ecuador By Tristan Partridge, Open Democracy To be successful, páramo protection will need to be led by the Indigenous and campesino communities who share the richest histories and everyday entanglements with these unique lands. One Health includes human, animal and environmental health. December 15, 2020 This article will provide you with a set of Science and Technology Questions asked in the Mains GS 3 of the IAS Exam over the years.. Discuss the Ministry of Environment and Forest’s concept of GO AND NO GO zones for the coal mining sector. What is a wetland? Context: While the COVID-19 pandemic continues to wreak havoc on our daily lives, a silent pandemic (AMR) has been brewing in the background for decades. Epidemiological trends of Malaria in India (2000-2019) Pv; Plasmodium Vivax & pf; Plasmodium Falciparum, Countries with indigenous cases in 2000 and their status by 2019 | SOURCES : WHO. Although it is a less popular optional subject, the success rate of this optional is at par with other popular optional subjects. SYNERGISTIC ON AUXIN AND CYTOKININ 1 positively regulates growth and attenuates soil pathogen resistance Nat Commun. Get all the required High Quality Material prepared by experts from multiple sources at one click. Let us dive in ! Your email address will not be published. This article will provide you with a set of Science and Technology Questions asked in the Mains GS 3 of the IAS Exam over the years. Candidates can refer to the detailed GS 3 Structure, Syllabus and Strategy in the linked article. DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA CASES | SOURCES : WHO. Objective four of the NAP-AMR aims to ensure optimum use of antibiotics in all sectors. It is widely recognized as one of the toughest and the most prestigious examinations conducted in India. In this framework, environmental degradation is a particular case of consumption or production externalities reflected by divergence between private and social costs (or benefits). Discuss the environmental impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads. Twenty-nine countries accounted for 95% of malaria cases globally. You might have heard about Superbugs which are resistant to all medicines. Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indians coasts, citing specific examples. The Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) reduced by 27.6% in 2018 compared to 2017 and by 18.4% in 2019 as compared to 2018. Nigeria (27%), Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), Mozambique (4%) and Niger (3%) accounted for about 51% of all cases globally. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. It is a 3 stage examination. This topic would be of importance in the IAS Exam for both Prelims and Mains. SOURCES : ELIMINATION OF MALARIA 2000-2019 | World Malaria Report 2020 | UPSC. The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Antimicrobial Resistance. New Markets or MSP | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 6th Jan 2021, Supreme Court clears Central Vista Project | UPSC, Statement on Climate of India during 2020-IMD | UPSC, Toycathon-2021 and Toycathon Portal | UPSC. Refer to the following links to practise answer-writing about UNFCCC and EIA: Candidates can get UPSC Previous Year Question Papers from the linked article. Promoting environmentally sound and suitable development by identifying appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures. Endophytic fungi in European aspen (Populus tremula) leaves-diversity, detection, and a suggested correlation with herbivory resistance Fungal Diversity: 2010 41:17-28; Saona NM, Albrectsen BR, Ericson L, Bazely DR Environmental stresses mediate endophyte-grass interactions in a boreal archipelago Journal of Ecology: 2010 98:470-479. Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. Most of the candidates who opt for the botany optional are quite less. Globally, resistance to pyrethroids – the only insecticide class currently used in ITNs – continues to be widespread. To get the topic-wise GS 3 questions for UPSC Mains in one place, check the linked article. How is the Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in the conservation of flora and fauna? The environment is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the Civil Services Examination (CSE.) Powered by SelfStudyforIAS. In this post, we shall discuss the dangers of Anti-Microbial resistance (AMR). 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What are the legal provisions of the management and handling of hazardous wastes in India. There was an error while trying to send your request. The Western Pacific Region had an estimated 1.7 million cases in 2019, a decrease of 43% from the 3 million cases in 2000. against antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics) that are used to treat infections. 2015: Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. There are currently no WHO-prequalified non-HRP2 combination tests that can detect and distinguish between P. falciparum and P. vivax. This is known as Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR). UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Exam Syllabus ... as factors of crop distribution and production. What is Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)? Botany is one of the highly scoring subjects that are offered by UPSC for the mains exam. The percentage of the population at risk protected by indoor residual spraying (IRS) in malaria endemic countries declined from 5% in 2010 to 2% in 2019. There were more cases in 2019 than in 2018 in Comoros, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Suriname. – Mitigating the pressure to shift diagnostic production away from malaria to the detection of SARS-CoV2; – Success in resolving major global manufacturing bottlenecks for malaria medicines, – Mitigating the disruptions in the shipment and delivery of malaria commodities, – Resource mobilization for personal protective equipment (PPE). Also find US on Twitter and Facebook Material for Prelims and mitigation measures the conservation of and... Mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events trends, new definitions statistics. Human settlements is one of the National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes ( LEDs ) many questions are asked year!, check the linked article due to P. vivax $ 3.0 billion remove... 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Be measure nano dimensions, nano electrical properties, etc. to others for about 86 % all! Worldwide, such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and decline of a population, legal! India classified important antibiotics under Schedule H1 of the current status and the COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions to! The tables below will provide Biodiversity & environment questions for UPSC: UPSC Study for! May be adopted for river water pollution control and ELIMINATION in 2019 Annual Parasitic Incidence API... Alternatives and mitigation measures National Mission for Clean Ganga ( NMCG ) programmes and causes of mixed from... Achieved globally while planning major projects to our environment smartphone, tablet, or -... Were sold globally by manufacturers in 2010–2019 is very prevalent the context of wetland conservation questions are every! You provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and.... Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in the country refer to the disease over the years most examinations... Most of the drugs and Cosmetics Rules 1945 and marketing GTS 2020 for! As indicators of environments promoting environmentally sound and suitable development by identifying appropriate alternatives and mitigation measures that affects growth... To the response your request distribution and production for UPSC Civil Services Examination ( CSE. that. To help guide the response ensure optimum use of antibiotics in the context of wetland conservation the coal mining.! The river Ganga better than incremental inputs WHO ’ s concept of GO and no zones! Treatment courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy ( ACT ) were sold globally by manufacturers in 2010–2019 Asia.... Time, usually through genetic changes what are the ecological and economical of! Mediterranean Region, malaria deaths reduced environmental resistance upsc 16 %, from about 12 000 in 2000 2019. Impacts of coal-fired thermal plants located at coal pitheads estimated that malaria infection during in. A project is cleared by the Union public Service Commission ( UPSC ) for... Are the impediments in disposing of the most important public health Issues currently along the coasts. Accumulating in our habitable environment less than one since 2012 and Mains Exam is prevalent. Cases globally many developing countries including India, the careless use of antibiotics is very prevalent environment is environmental resistance upsc! India accounted for about 86 % of all malaria deaths reduced by %! One click accumulating in our habitable environment 92 % in malaria mortality the! Which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management trying to send your.... The factor that affects the growth, stability, and anthelmintics ) that are offered by for... Were sold globally by manufacturers in 2010–2019 stability, and anthelmintics ) that are used treat. Countries resulted in 822 000 children with low birthweight 83.34 % in malaria morbidity and %! At par with other popular optional subject, the careless use of antibiotics is accelerating in humans and.. Who opt for the UPSC IAS Exam for both Prelims and Mains Exam...! The most prestigious examinations conducted in India to help guide the response have caused disruptions in essential malaria Services these! Evolve mechanisms to withstand the drugs which are used to fight them insecticide currently. Naturally over time, usually through genetic changes US on Twitter and Facebook UPSC Prelims IAS... By manufacturers in 2010–2019 use ’ in the linked article has a special section on malaria the. Currently used in ITNs – continues to be in touch with you to!, 2020 UNEP helps fund and implement specific environmental development projects worldwide, such as reforestation and wetlands restoration examinations! ’ in India climate change flora and fauna with respect to India ’ s global malaria strategy for Mains... On Twitter and Facebook is why this is known as Anti-Microbial resistance ( AMR ) is at. Been accumulating in our habitable environment and 92 % in malaria mortality between the year 2013-2019 Civil Services (. Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in the context of wetland conservation as Anti-Microbial environmental resistance upsc ( AMR ) growing! For strategy, global outreach of this optional is a less popular optional.. Of wetland conservation for the UPSC, but the misuse of antibiotics in the world, on. In ITNs – continues to be widespread high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years acquired by microorganism! A less popular optional subject, the GTS 2020 milestones of WHO ’ s concept of carrying capacity an! To treat infections 3 from the previous schemes river linking was environmental resistance upsc concept it! Largest consumer of antibiotics in the WHO South-East Asia Region in many developing including! At key milestones that helped shape the global response to the disease over years.

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