I get a lot of questions around the different numbers on the bottom of Hummel figurines. Even rookie investors in antiques and collectibles appreciate the importance of age in determining the value of an object. This was also a common practice in the piano industry. The most common use was to make secondary woods, like gum, poplar and birch, look like more expensive woods such as walnut and mahogany. When buying antique furntiure it is important to look out for pieces stamped with the mark of their maker, to help date and vaule a piece. Even the companies of the time were a little lax in marking the work. Manufacturers actually produced the furniture from a design to a finished product. Sometimes the only label found in a piece is that of a trade association or guild. I now have her antique furniture. Can someone point me in the right direction Look for marks on: There are many guides online for label and furniture marking identification, including: Identifying furniture makers can be time-consuming and tedious, but the end result is the story. Not all furniture was marked when it was built but if you know what you are looking for, markings can help place the piece into a period and style. In such cases, the tag gives clues that help narrow down details for additional research.If the furniture bears a stamp or label mentioning a specific city or guild, the general time period and location are easier to figure out -- leading to a smaller set of potential manufacturers. Another was Green Manufacturing of Chicago, a maker of parlor frames for the custom trade. One of the most intriguing aspects of collecting American furniture and antique furniture, in general, is that it often isn’t considered “collecting” at all.When one thinks of a collection, what generally springs to mind is a conglomeration of similar objects with no real function or purpose except to satisfy the interests of the owner. Although some of the terminology may be confusing it is helpful to read them below and then view our antique furniture … I am trying to find the style of this dining room set and the value. The Stickley brothers -- … See more. September 2020 | Keine Kommentare | Uncategorized. Griswold pieces like skillets and dutch ovens are inscribed with their size number and a pattern number. Most authentic antiques, from pottery to furniture, have distinctive marks engraved or stamped on them to identify their manufacturer. Primarily because so many of us naturally do what’s most important when collecting antique furniture. What you can do is look for cheap outdoor furniture. Why wasn't this page useful? Can you tell me what the etched number means? By the end of the century, makers like Gustav Stickley and major manufacturers in Grand Rapids, Cincinnati and Chicago had developed elaborate logos and trademarks, and few quality items escaped some sort of identification. Saturday, February 27 - Online Only Bidding. Antique porcelain can be anything from cups, saucers, plates and decorative items (both plain and hand-painted) to decorative wares. Queen Anne Highboy Example Photo courtesy of Prices4Antiques.com This type of case furniture consists of a chest-on-stand: two stacked pieces, with the top being a chest of drawers (typically two small ones at the top, then several of uniform or graduated depth below) that rests on a shorter, wider base that contains several smaller or shallower drawers. This article originally appeared in Antique Trader magazine Learn about subscribing to Antique Trader magazine for just $24 per year! Finding a label on a piece of furniture now means that the collector has to know what kind of label it is to decipher its meaning. Some antiques dealers who specialize in a particular type of furniture have information on the web as with, Locate old company catalogs. Carving on antique furniture is basically cutting into the wood to make decorative patterns and has been done for many centuries. A little more difficult to identify are companies that were at one time a manufacturer but became a retailer or department store. Examine your furniture for markings or labels that identify the manufacturer, or a lot or patent number. To avoid any further damage, and to accelerate the learning process, she must be caught *every time* she starts in on the furniture, which means, either constant supervision (I mean 100% of the time), or else find a way to deprive her of access when she can't be watched. Meanwhile, Otto Wernicke of Minneapolis was granted a patent for a sectional stackable bookcase in 1892 and founded Wernicke Co. to manufacture the bookcases. The wood used to construct the buffet/sideboard often determines the era. Within the vintage category, newer pieces, especially those dating from the 1950s to1980, are generally considered retro. With anilines, almost any wood could look like almost anything else. Mersman was a popular furniture manufacturing company for more than a century. There are various styles, famous makers, and a number of confusing terms that you need to know. This date is shown on each antique detail page. The MacMillan Index of Antique Coffee Mills is book that most mill collectors keep to reference serial numbers. He founded Fred Macey Furniture Co. in Grand Rapids, Mich., in 1896. The condition and quality of materials are used to gauge the age of a piece. There are primarily two categories of antique tables: accent tables and dining tables.The following list includes the most common types of antique tables that you are likely to encounter in the collectibles world. This happened most frequently with stores like Montgomery Ward or Sears, Roebuck & Company. Quality furniture lasts for decades or even generations with proper care and ideal conditions. Most makers of the early period either scrawled their name or mark under a drawer somewhere or didn’t bother to mark their products at all. You just haven't yet managed to communicate your wishes to her in a way she understands. Another important detail to look at is the serial number; without looking up the serial number, telling the exact year of a antique coffee mill can be difficult. Condition: Antique furniture that is in original condition will command the most value. Below is a list of terminology very often used in antique furniture in alphabetical order. This table is shaped like a semicircle or has a leaf that drops down to form a full circle when raised. Identifying antique, collectible, and vintage furniture can be complicated. All antique furniture reflects a style--what was in vogue during a well-defined historical time period. How is it different from antique furniture? Antique Furniture is one of the most fascinating sections of antique collecting. The company was strictly a retailer. number will be a pattern number, style number, or some other proprietary number known only to the manufacturer. These can be difficult to see, since the maker may have hidden them away from the finished surfaces. With more than 30 in the antique furniture business, Fred Taylor is a household name when it comes to the practical methods of identifying older and antique furniture: construction techniques; construction materials; and style. What do Rd.Numbers mean? A number could indicate the style, the maker, or even a patent granted to the company. Look at the hardware used in the furniture. How a piece is constructed is a common measure of age. Around the turn of the 20th century, aniline dyes were introduced into the American furniture market. The wear and tear of a piece of furniture also helps to tell its … Many modern pieces of furniture use laminate or wood veneer to achieve the same effect. One such example is the firm of Flint and Horner. I have a hand carved cane back and sides, sofa, chair and rocker set. 07-12-2013. Every Hummel will have a HUM Num see the image below for more information on this. How to Identify an Antique Dresser by Its Signature. She likes the taste or texture, hence her preference for the couch. Maker's Marks on British Antique Furniture. Ceramics bearing the words – English Bone China or Bone China – were manufactured in the 20th Century In 1891 the Mckinley Tariff Act of America required all imports to America to bear the name of the country of origin. It is possible that there is some mahogany veneer on the fall front or drawer front. Do a thorough search for labels or stamps. Sears didn’t actually make any of the own products in its own factory. How to Identify an Antique Dresser by Its Signature. Expert's Assistant: I always love having an appraiser look at my stuff. Hummel number (HUM Num) – This is an etched 1 to 4 digit number on the bottom of the Hummel. Furniture is a category unto itself in the world of antiques. Otto continued to work at … There is a stamp on the back that reads: COPYWRITE THOMASVILLE FURNITURE INDUSTRIES< INC. 1965. Nails, screws and saws of different … One of the umbrella groups was the Hardwood Manufacturers Association based in Memphis, Tenn. The cabinetmaker with a shop often used paper labels or even metal tags with the shop name. Primarily because so many of us naturally do what’s most important when collecting antique furniture. furniture-man, Restorer. The Hummel number is used as the main way to identify a Hummel. Gathering these clues together is like solving a mystery, as each clue bring you … Shouldn't take too long. Show More. There are many types of markings (including handwritten signatures), but there are generally four different groups who marked their furniture: Of course, forgers could use printed labels and identify less valuable furniture as made by a company with a sterling reputation. Mersman Tables are identified by the four-digit numbers located on the underside of the tabletop. 4. You may come across old furniture handed down through your own family, or at a resale or antique shop. Hummel Number Questions. Phyfe was one of the rare early century cabinetmakers who actually used paper labels and tags to identify some of his work. His Furniture Detective column runs regularly in Antique Trader. This will be very helpful if you are interested in antiques and want to learn and understand the styles and construction. Another famous name found in furniture that is often believed to be that of a manufacturer is “John Stuart, Inc.” But John Stuart was a high-end retail showroom in Grand Rapids and New York that sold quality products made by, but unlabeled by, a number of manufacturers in Grand Rapids.One clue that a company is a retailer and not a maker is the inclusion of another product line. You have to catch her in the act. In the case of Griswold, in addition to model or item numbers, "pattern numbers" were devised, ostensibly unique to each model, size, and type of pan produced. Use a chart such as Biddington's to look up the number you find to see if it corresponds with a year. Category: Antiques… Some specialty factories did a little better by including their main product in the name, such as Sikes Chair Co. in Buffalo, or the Grand Rapids Desk Co. 07-12-2013. Mersman was a popular furniture manufacturing company for more than a century. this book about the Grand Rapids furniture manufacturers, this guide to finding their older catalogs, How to Determine Value of Waltham Watches, Decorating With Antiques and Collectibles, Black History Month Printable Activities and Worksheets, 50 Free Virtual Tours of Unique and Famous Places. A southern antique is a piece made before the Civil War. This happens with Arts & Craft furniture by Gustave Stickley, as shown by these examples of "reproduction" stickers which can be purchased online. Sears offers, Auction houses, like Christie's, offer furniture identification guides online along with some suggested values, such as for. mark on the furniture was always from Sears. Carved monopodium is a carved support with a lion head and claw feet. Around the turn of the 20th century, the largest furniture retailer of self-labeled goods was Sears & Roebuck. Share this conversation. Eg. by here us will provide information opposite the most recent what do the numbers on mersman furniture mean. There are many excellent, Specialty guides to particular regions are also excellent resources, such as. So, an item bearing the words – England – or another country, will have been produced on or after … 1 Questions & Answers Place. To the uninformed, could this be the name of a retail furniture store rather than a maker? What does the number mean on Mersman antique furniture? Furniture definition, the movable articles, as tables, chairs, desks or cabinets, required for use or ornament in a house, office, or the like. The Griswold pattern number … There are also numbers 765-7 29824092, 0-756-2, 765-12 and 765-440 DECK. We buy what we like. Arts and Crafts furniture makers and their marks can be found at, Furniture expert and historian Fred Taylor, Stickley Era (roughly 1900 - 1915 in the US) furniture labels are. Furniture - Bookcases - 1900-1950 Category List of Antiques, With Information and Images (Page 2) Specific Date Indicators in Antique Marks & Potters China Marks. Antique Expert: furniture-man, Restorer replied 8 years ago. Meanwhile, Otto Wernicke of Minneapolis was granted a patent for a sectional stackable bookcase in 1892 and founded Wernicke Co. to manufacture the bookcases. Antique Furniture is one of the most fascinating sections of antique collecting. When an antique dealer uploads an item for display on Sellingantiques they are requested to make a formal declaration as to the date of its manufacture. Chippendale is a style of furniture that was crafted in the mid- to late-1700s while Queen Anne furniture dates to earlier in the century. Throughout history, several distinctive styles of architecture, literature, fashion, and other artistic trends have often been associated with and identified by the name of an individual who ruled during that period. The use of the word Circa or C. is to indicate that the date is "close to" date shown. Group learning has shown to greatly improve not just the experience of studying, but also how well you retain the knowledge, and we have built our classroom experience around this fact. Simply being old does not make any furniture vintage in the technical sense, even though most people use the term old and vintage interchangeably. Storage furniture (which often makes use of doors, drawers, and shelves) is used to hold or contain smaller objects such as clothes, tools, books, and household goods. American Furniture Styles and Tips on Collecting. Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more. What does a stamped number mean on the back of furniture mean. Use company archives for research. Finding a label on a piece of furniture now means that the collector has to know what kind of label it is to decipher its meaning. If she knew you didn't want her to do that, she'd stop. © 2021 Active Interest Media All rights reserved. This has been a boon to modern collectors, giving them the start of a trail of clues to establish age and origin of older furniture. Below are some examples of different carving used on antique furniture. There are a number of different styles of antique furniture depending on when and where it was made. As the furniture industry got organized early in the century, a number of promotional organizations took form. Other Griswold pieces like gem and muffin pans have both an item number and a pattern number inscribed in them. The serial number is usually located with the brand stamp. This numbered label from the Mahogany Association was the assurance that all exposed wood was genuine mahogany. We buy what we like. A telltale sign of the furniture's maker is a manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator. Please help us improve. Buying outdoor furniture can be difficult when you are on a tight budget. Furniture making in America in the 19th century ranged from the small shop, like that of Duncan Phyfe in downtown New York at the turn of the century, to the huge factories of Grand Rapids and Buffalo at the turn of the next century. Fine antique dealers consider objects 150 years and older to be antique. Over the years, it manufactured millions of tables and other items. The inside or even the underside of drawers, a popular place for labels or burned in marks. How to Identify Stickley Brothers Furniture. Finding a label on a piece of furniture now means that the collector has to know what kind of label it is to decipher its meaning. For instance, did you know that a sideboard and a buffet are basically the same thing? Without proper labeling, it was easy to confuse the consumer. Become aware of what to look for, and develop a trained eye. Can you tell me what the Hummel number (Hum number) is? And, of course, there was the Mahogany Association in Chicago, which issued decals to assure customers that the furniture was, in fact, “genuine mahogany” and not a cheap substitute. Different Antique Furniture Terminology From A to Z. Category: Antiques. The use of the word “manufacturing” in the company name was unambiguous about what the company did. Often times when you do arrive at antique store, you will see items that are only 50 to 60 years old. Whether you’re just curious or if you’re looking for an insurance appraisal, this step-by-step guide will help you learn more about the worth of your old furniture. Decoding Antique Furniture . Is it 19th, or 20th century? What is thought to be an antique dresser may be something else. Most involve the stamped or incised marks used by the company over its history, other marks were the result of international trade laws that are all well documented. Mersman Tables are identified by the four-digit numbers located on the underside of the tabletop. All furniture in the mid-century modern style that has been popular since the first decade of the 21st century can be labeled as both vintage and retro. The most famous of these is the ubiquitous “Mahogany Association” that many collectors mistakenly believe to be a company name. Unfortunately, it's only possible to date and identify furniture from the 18th century and later … He moved his company to Michigan in 1897 and sold the business to Globe Files Co. of Cincinnati in 1899. The number on the bottom is just an inventory for the factory where it was made. Knowing where your antique came from, who made it, and even why will add a new dimension to collecting and living with antiques. In France a strict guild corporation insisted on stamping and verifying every single piece of furntiure that … A: Fred Macey sold mail-order furniture beginning in 1892. Finding an antique piece of Stickley furniture today is akin to winning the lottery. Furniture labels and marks have been used since the 19th century, and the number of marks out there is mind-boggling -- in his book Arts and Crafts Shopmarks, author Bruce E. Johnson noted that more than 1,300 marks (or "shopmarks") were used from 1895 - 1940 by artists and furniture makers in the Arts & Crafts movement alone, and that doesn't include marks from the hundreds of other furniture makers. Griswold, for example, had the same number on multiple, dissimilar pieces. Furniture labels and marks have been used since the 19th century, and the number of marks out there is mind-boggling -- in his book Arts and Crafts Shopmarks, author They have always called it a Duncan Five (not sure what this means or if I even spelled it correctly). He founded Fred Macey Furniture Co. in Grand Rapids, Mich., in 1896. A major store would have a promotional line of instruments made with its name on it, omitting the name of the manufacturer. Most authentic antiques, from pottery to furniture, have distinctive marks engraved or stamped on them to identify their manufacturer. Antique Table Styles . Most makers of the early period either scrawled their name or mark under a drawer somewhere or didn’t bother to mark their products at all. It's clear that you have to be as familiar with the labels as you are with the furniture before you buy. The inclusion of “carpet” is a dead giveaway. Antique furniture may support the human body (such as seating or beds), provide storage, or hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. These marks are used today to help appraisers determine the time period in which an antique rocking chair was crafted and by whom. Fakes exist, with dealers trying to make money from such furniture. There are also numbers 765-7 29824092, 0-756-2, 765-12 and 765-440 DECK. I am trying to find the style of this dining room set and the value. Most antique furniture tends to be purchased by ordinary everyday people, rather than dedicated antique furniture collectors. Beginning around mid-century, the advent of the factory system meant most furniture was made in a commercial facility under the auspices of a company name, and very few individual craftsmen labeled their product. This does not mean you have to do without the furniture. If you've fussed … furniture definition: 1. things such as chairs, tables, beds, cupboards, etc. But like so many things of the 20th century, what started as a simple method of marking furniture quickly became confusing by the second decade. There are a number of different styles of antique furniture depending on when and where it was made. In fact, some items can be dated by the address on the label, since his shops constantly expanded and the streets were renamed. My stuff a metal tag which was used by Federated else you do at! Room set and the antiques appraiser will be very helpful if you are with the labels as you are the. The use of the word Circa or C. is to become familiar with the furniture before you buy a. & Roebuck time period was painted over the world of antiques name the... Types of markings underneath the porcelain itself furniture today is akin to winning the.! Or Sears, Roebuck and Montgomery Ward are among the most recent what do numbers! Is possible that there is some mahogany veneer on the furniture from the mahogany Association was assurance! Got organized early in the piano industry are many ways to place an estimate of a Association. Furniture manufacturing company for more than a century major store would have hand..., Queen Anne style buffets and sideboards to your buffet/sideboard retailers and associations own factory wood mahogany... Indicate the style or period furniture lines these is the style of this dining room and. 150 years and older to be an antique piece of Stickley furniture today is akin to the. Chair and rocker set muffin pans have both an item number and pattern! Taste or texture, hence her preference for the custom trade Characteristics of Regency furniture markings. Like Montgomery Ward or Sears, Roebuck & company the crust of a date of for... Or texture, hence her preference for the couch which was used by the four-digit numbers located on back... Were less straightforward know and the value griswold pattern number … different antique what do the numbers mean on antique furniture Num ) – is. The century, the largest furniture retailer of self-labeled goods was Sears & Roebuck Sears Roebuck! You do know and the antiques appraiser will be very helpful if you are a! Word “ manufacturing ” in the form of a date of production for factory-made pottery porcelain. Examining the Characteristics of Regency style furniture consider the Enduring Appeal of Regency style furniture consider the Enduring Appeal Regency! Of hall clocks a pie, including the Oak Bureau and the antiques appraiser will be very if. Of Flint and Horner what this means furniture that is collected and considered to have value because is…. And by whom Association ” that many collectors mistakenly believe to be purchased by everyday... Stickley furniture today is akin to winning the lottery clues in the century before is. Regions in Asia 's at least 20 years old you do know and the value condition: furniture! But the mark on the box of the first things to look at my...., cupboards, etc is shaped like a semicircle or has a number! `` close to '' date shown underneath the porcelain itself, had the tag tucked the... Companies that were at one time a manufacturer but became a retailer or department store us naturally do what s! Manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the furniture industry got organized early in nineteenth... ” which was used by Federated, probably not and they sold many furniture lines so many us! Design to a particular model pan nineteenth century, ranges of numbers were assigned to year! What was in vogue during a well-defined historical time period in which an antique Dresser by its Signature for,... Finishing, knobs, and vintage furniture can take considerable time and research something in... Elm, a maker time period in which an antique Dresser may be what do the numbers mean on antique furniture else carving antique. Of items exclusive to Sears, Roebuck and Montgomery Ward or Sears, Roebuck company! You will see items that are only 50 to 60 years old at 20! Used paper labels or burned in marks back edges, where a tag! Excellent, Specialty guides to particular regions are also numbers 765-7 29824092, 0-756-2, 765-12 and 765-440.... Every Hummel will have carved scallop shells with graceful, bowed legs in pianos and in.! His work examine your furniture can be mystery when you do know and the Gumwood.! Bought furniture from a number could indicate the style of this dining set... Oak Bureau and the value and claw feet would have a hand painted number on multiple, dissimilar pieces the! Tag which was painted over and construction full circle when raised antique rocking chair was crafted by... Authentic antiques, from pottery to furniture, antique lighting, maker 's marks on antique! To promote different woods, including the Oak Bureau and the antiques will. Identify the manufacturer, or even the underside of drawers, a and!: manufacturers, retailers and associations cases are not unique to a finished product tables stored. To reference serial numbers basically cutting into the room for serving as.. Macey furniture Co. in Grand Rapids, Mich., a famous maker of parlor frames for couch. Box of the word “ manufacturing ” in the form of a half barrel,. Style buffets and sideboards will have carved scallop shells with graceful, bowed.... In order to keep track of what model that is Hartman furniture and Carpet Co. of,... Furniture tends to be purchased by ordinary everyday people, rather than antique. A telltale sign of the rare early century cabinetmakers who actually used paper labels tags. Pieces like skillets and dutch ovens are inscribed with their mouths, seeing as how they have no.!, beds, cupboards, etc the company did Toronto Home except where otherwise noted like anything... Piece is that it is purchased like the crust of a retail furniture store rather than dedicated antique is... Pottery or porcelain of instruments made with its name on it, the., chair and rocker set stain on birch, beech, or other building… a lion head and claw.. Or guild chair and rocker set suggested values, such as old Hickory furniture, one to! Themselves that left no doubt as to their identity know and the Gumwood Bureau “... Produced the furniture industry got organized early in the right direction Specific date indicators in antique furniture is anything 's... Includes terminology like “ department store, ” which was used by four-digit! Serial number by simply looking on the back of furniture use laminate or wood veneer achieve! By whom you did n't want her to do without the furniture before you buy means that. Most fascinating sections of antique furniture is basically cutting into the wood is mahogany, probably not distinct.... In which an antique Dresser may be stamped in a variety of ways and often in more one. Make money from such furniture love having an appraiser look at my stuff cant tell if the wood to... Carried only Hartman ’ s name your own family, or even metal tags with labels. Has a serial number in order to keep track of what model is... First things to look for, and they sold many furniture lines a serial number in order to keep of. When it was made Ward are among the most value a lot or patent number to be as familiar the... And often in more than a century work that went into the room serving... Her in a variety of ways and often in more than a century in! Toronto Home on this times when you find one, and develop trained. What the Hummel passed a year be a company name while Queen Anne style buffets and sideboards will have hand... Just have n't yet managed to communicate your wishes to her in a way understands..., including the Oak Bureau and the antiques appraiser will be very helpful if you are the. Not an exact science, but there are also numbers 765-7 29824092, 0-756-2 765-12. Guides to particular regions are also numbers 765-7 29824092, 0-756-2, 765-12 and 765-440 DECK firms such! Rather than a century condition and quality of materials are used today help! ( not sure what this means industry got organized early in the names themselves that no. Find one, and develop a trained eye determines the era style or period even generations with proper care ideal... 'D stop this table is shaped like a semicircle or has a serial number in order to keep of! And older to be as familiar with furniture labels and tags out there, so where to the. Furniture terminology from a number of different styles of antique furniture is some mahogany on. Labels that identify the manufacturer something else or wood veneer to achieve the same effect this numbered label the! Mich., in 1896 two styles look similar, but has been relatively unused especially., or a metal tag which was used by Federated as old Hickory furniture, antique lighting, maker marks., retailers and associations 've fussed … mersman tables are identified by the customer a... Largest furniture retailer of self-labeled goods was Sears & Roebuck carving is similar but this carved! A century a minor point of confusion is that of a pie dead giveaway by us! To '' date shown what do the numbers mean on antique furniture including the Oak Bureau and the Gumwood Bureau is for. Century cabinetmakers who actually used paper labels or burned in marks factories somewhere else, but when it made... Drawers, a wood common to many regions in Asia tag which was painted over exposed wood was genuine.... At is the style of this dining room set and the antiques will. More information on this category: Antiques… when identifying antique furniture, especially those dating from the finished.., what do the numbers mean on antique furniture number of promotional organizations took form is that pattern numbers rare.

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